ख़ुद की संस्था या संगठन कैसे खोल सकते हैं?

अपना स्वयं का एनजीओ शुरू करना एक लंबी, थकाऊ और साथ ही भ्रामक प्रक्रिया हो सकती है। आपको अपना स्वयं का एनजीओ शुरू करने के लिए धन, उत्साह और प्रेरणा से अधिक की आवश्यकता है। कई अन्य कानूनी के साथ-साथ आधिकारिक प्रक्रियाओं का पालन करना है।

आधिकारिक दस्तावेज और पंजीकरण प्रक्रियाओं को एकजुट करने के कारण दुनिया में एक बदलाव करने की इच्छा भारी हो सकती है, लेकिन यह आपको ध्वस्त नहीं करना चाहिए। एक बार जब आपके पास अपना स्वयं का एनजीओ होता है, तो वास्तविक दुनिया में प्रभाव बनाने के लिए अपना सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रयास करने में संतुष्टि सभी मायने रखती है।

हो सकता है कि आप चाहते हों कि आपका NGO बाल अधिकारों, शिक्षा, स्वास्थ्य, पशु कल्याण, लिंग या शरणार्थी मुद्दों पर ध्यान केंद्रित करे। बस एक ऐसा मुद्दा चुनें, जिसके बारे में आप भावुक हैं और गहराई से महसूस करते हैं, ताकि यह कारण आपको सबसे अधिक समय के प्रयास में भी आगे बढ़ा सके।

Types of NGOs

NGOs can be classified in a number of ways, they could be business friendly international like Red Cross or environmental NGO like World Wildlife Fund (WWF). There are government organized NGOs as well as quasi autonomous NGOs, which aren’t very prevalent in India. In the Indian context, NGOs can be classified on the basis of size- how large or small the NGO is and the size of the paid full staff. They can also be classified according to the multinational operations and bodies, branch offices abroad, geographic scope which could be both global and local and the thematic scope of the NGO. NGOs can also be classified based on the sector they work on, which could be anything and everything ranging from agriculture and rural development to urban and community development. NGOs in India can also be classified according to the way it was registered; it could be a Society, a Trust or a Section 8 Company.

Although the all three fall into the broad category of an Indian NGO, the difference between the three lies in the formation, registration and management. A Society is formed by the Societies Registration Act, a Company by the Companies Act and a trust by the Indian Trusts Act. While a company takes 3-6 months to form, a Society takes 1-2 months. A trust, on the other hand, takes only 2-7 days to form. A Company requires that its name is approved by the ROC before registration. A Society, on the other hand, can have any name as long as another registered NGO does not have it. A Trust requires no such name approval. Anybody can be a director of a Company but members of the same family cannot be members in a Society. There is however, no restriction in the formation on a Trust with members of the same family. A Company can have minimum 2 Directors whereas minimum eight members from 8 different states of India are required in a national level Society. Similarly, there could be only two minimum trustees. A Company and a Trust can operate throughout India while only a Society registered as a national level Society can operate throughout the country, state level Societies cannot. Companies can have funding possibilities but Societies and Trusts can get funding only if they are eligible according to the terms of the funding agencies or Ministries. 

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